borrow是什么意思(“借钱”是borrow money吗?看lend和borrow的食用方法!)

borrow是什么意思

借东西是我们日常生活中经常有的一个举动。比如吃饭没带钱,问同事借点钱买单;下雨没带伞,再问同事借把伞。但是,你确定能用英语借“对”东西吗?
“借”的英语就是borrow吗? 
别忘了,它还有个截然相反的兄弟lend。

我们先来看两组例句:
Borrow –
Can I borrow a little money from you?
(我能从你这里借点钱吗?)
You are allowed to borrow six books from the library at a time.
(你一次可以从图书馆借走6本书。)
I borrowed his bike.
(我借来了他的自行车。)
Lend –
I lent my cellphone to Dave and I haven’t got it back yet.
(我把手机借给大卫了,还没拿回来。)
The hospital agreed to lend us a wheelchair.
(医院同意借给我们一个轮椅。)
Can you lend me some money?
(你能借给我一些钱吗?)

其实borrow和lend的区别很简单。你不能只记“借”一个意思,还要分成“借入和借出”的区别。borrow是借入,lend是借出。
Lend shows that something is (temporarily) GIVEN TO another person.
Borrow shows that something is (temporarily) TAKEN FROM another person.
例:
I want to borrow your PC, but you don’t have to lend it to me.
(我想要借你的电脑用,但是你不必非得借给我。)
Why do you always want to lend me money? I don’t need to borrow money at all.
(你为什么老是要借给我钱?我根本不需要借钱用。)
You may borrow my book, which I would be happy to lend to you.
(你可以借我的书看,我很乐意借给你这本书。)

另外,在使用borrow和lend的时候还有些小的语法点要注意。
1. borrow和lend在过去完成时(have done)不能加上时间段,比如这样:
× I’ve borrowed a book from him since last week
√ I’ve borrowed a book from him / I borrowed a book from him last week
× I’ve lent Jack my phone since yesterday
√ I’ve lent Jack my phone / I lent Jack my phone yesterday
2. 表示借东西的期限时,可以加上介词“for”和时间,表示借入/借出东西之后预计多久还。
例:
I can lend you ten thousand dollars for 3 weeks.
(我能借给你一万美元,3个星期后还。)
I’ve borrowed a car from John for one month.
(我从约翰那借来了一辆车,一个月后还。)
Could you lend me a pen for a while?
(你能把笔借给我用一会吗?)

希望今天这些有关borrow和lend的知识能帮到你提升英语基础。如果你觉得这些还不错,欢迎【分享】给朋友们也看看。

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